Myofascial Pain Syndrome

What is myofascial pain syndrome?

Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder. In this condition, pressure on sensitive points in your muscles (trigger points) causes pain in the muscle. This syndrome occurs when a muscle is continuously contracted from repetitive motion in the job, recreational activities or stress related muscle tension. Pain can move to other parts of the body, called referred pain. The discomfort associated with myofascial pain syndrome persists over time and becomes worse without treatment.

What causes myofascial pain syndrome?

After injury or overuse, tight muscle fibers can form in your muscles, causing sensitive trigger points.  A trigger point in a muscle can cause strain and pain throughout the muscle.  Myofascial pain syndrome is caused by muscle tightness due to stress, anxiety, muscle injury, repetitive motions and poor posture.

What are the symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome?

Symptoms of myofascial pain aching dull pain in the muscle that persists without relief. A tender knot felt in the muscle. People tend to have difficulty sleeping or  finding a comfortable sleep position. Most often people have muscles spasms along with trigger points.

How is myofascial pain syndrome diagnosed?

During the physical exam, the doctor will touch the painful area, feeling for spasms and trigger points.

How is myofascial pain syndrome treated?

Doctors may prescribe medications such as pain relievers, antidepressants and sedatives. Physical therapy has shown great promise in relieving myofascial pain. Treatments such as massage, Graston Technique, stretching, postural education, ultrasound, moist heat and electric stimulation.